How to apply?

The bachelor's program in physics begins in the winter semester, i.e. around mid-October. Applications can be submitted from mid-May to September 15. The prerequisite is a university entrance qualification, e.g. Abitur.

The application itself is done online via the KIT application portal.

Study plan

The bachelor's program usually lasts 6 semesters. The language of instruction of the program is German.

Physics is a science that lives the synergy of practical/experimental and mathematical/theoretical research in a very unique way. This interaction is a central part of our educational strategy. During our courses each student gets to know both aspects of this close interaction.

With the bachelor thesis one then performs either theory or experimental research in one of the groups of the department.

The key building blocks of the courses are:

studienplan bsc-physik Physik, KIT
Example of a study plan (minor subject: organic and inorganic chemistry).
  • In classical experimental physics we deal with natural phenomena that can be described without quantum physics or relativity theory from the experimental side. In our courses on classical experimental physics, you will learn how the laws of nature can be derived from skillful experiments and how theoretical predictions can be confirmed or refuted in experiments. Classical experimental physics covers a wide range of topics from mechanics, electricity and magnetism, and optics and thermodynamics.

  • Modern experimental physics starts with the key experiments that have led to our current physical world view since the end of the 19th century. You will learn about the structure of nature from elementary particles and atoms and their interaction in molecules and solids and understand the principles of modern experimental tools – from lasers to particle detectors to quantum sensors – which have only become possible through the physics of the 20th century. 

  • Classical theoretical physics covers problems not relying on the modern concepts of quantization. In lectures on theoretical mechanics and electrodynamics, you will deal with theories of impressive mathematical elegance that are essential for an understanding of more advanced topics. You will learn how to describe our everyday's world including equilibria of forces or planetary motions, and gain a deep understanding of phenomena such as energy conservation or the origin of electromagnetic waves.
  • Modern theoretical physics has been developing since the early 20th century. Especially in lectures on quantum mechanics you will learn how to master this theory and get familiar with many puzzles of quantum mechanics. Finally, topics in statistical physics of classical or quantum mechanical particles and in-depth lectures on theoretical particle physics or condensed matter theory introduce you to modern research areas.

Mathematics is an enormously important tool in physics. During the first three semesters, you will learn analysis, linear algebra and related topics and  thus have the tools ready to describe physical processes.

There are two options to choose from: Either you take the lecture series "Higher Mathematics", which is tailored to the usual needs of physics studies, or you attend courses that mathematics students take during their undergraduate studies. Here, formal derivations and rigorous proofs are dealt with in more detail.

Tafel mit mathematischer Formel

In the physics laboratory courses, you will conduct your own experiments: You will experience how physics experiments are designed and which measurement techniques are used. You will learn how to operate the measuring instruments, how to document the experiments, how to record measurement data–usually with computers–and how to evaluate them with statistical methods. With the experiments, you will understand physics effects that you have learned about in the lectures from a completely different perspective. We offer three courses in the third, fourth and fifth semesters, in which you will prepare, carry out and evaluate successively more complex experiments.

Praktikum: Labor-Geraet

Computers are ubiquitous and indispensable tools in physics research. Experiments are controlled by computers and measurement data are electronically recorded, analyzed and graphically displayed. Many theoretical predictions and models are based on numerical or algebraic calculations on computers. 

The courses on computers in physics of the bachelor study program prepares you for this in the best possible way: You will learn a widely used programming language and a computer algebra system. In practical computer exercises you will use both as tools to work on physical problems. In the courses on experimental and theoretical physics, you will learn about the many possible applications for these tools.


The non-physics minor subject enables students to acquire basic knowledge from another discipline, e.g. chemistry, electrical engineering and information technology, computer science, economics. There is a relatively broad range of courses offered by the other departments.

This view beyond physics offers valuable points of connection to a self-chosen field of interest, thus broadening professional qualifications.


The bachelor thesis is an essential step towards independent scientific work. Working on a well-defined research topic, you will learn to acquire exciting knowledge and present it in a scientific manner, both written and verbal. You will apply the skills and knowledge you have acquired in the Bachelor's program to research-relevant issues by collecting, evaluating and interpreting relevant information in order to draw scientifically sound conclusions.

Module manual

The module manual (sometimes also called module handbook or module guide) describes the bachelor study program in physics in great detail. This includes the qualification objectives, the study plan with all courses and how the program is structured in individual modules. An exemplary graphical representation of the study plan is shown on the right. Information on the legal framework such as the Study and Examination Regulations (SPO) and the Access Statutes for the degree program can be found under Documents and Guidelines.

Guidance: Studies and Exams
Counseling: Support
Documents and Guidelines